Posted: February 19th, 2022
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Answer in min 5 sentences for each question you’ll need to elaborate, write in grammatically correct format, and cite sources in support of your reasoning
1. A police office close to retirement is training a rookie cop. Their shift is over and they are returning to the precinct. Suddenly, they spot several teenagers smoking marijuana. Relying on utilitarianism, explain how the officers’ choice not to pursue the matter is (or is not) consistent with moral principles.
2. An overworked and underpaid public defender is assigned to represent a prostitute who has no prior arrests and “works” to support a drug habit. What arguments from consequentialism might the attorney utilize when discussing this case with the assistant district attorney prosecuting the matter? Would these arguments change if the prostitute had been previously arrested and/or convicted? Explain your response.
3. To illustrate Mill’s concern with the uncultivated making poor decisions, consider the following example. Your state government determines that it has a budget surplus of $5 billion that it must spend before the end of the fiscal year. So, the legislature puts the following to a popular vote: ALL citizens currently residing in the state are entitled to either (1) a free college education; or (2) a free lifetime supply of beer. Because the “uncultivated” among you may not be able to distinguish between the “lower” good of free beer and the “higher” good of free education, do you believe that the majority of citizens would choose the beer? In what, if any, ways might decisions such as this lead to the eventual decline of the cultural and intellectual life of your state? Mill argued that we should implement a requirement that people be “competent” judges, familiar with differences, before they could vote. Do you agree? IF so, how should we determine who is competent or who is not?
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