Posted: September 22nd, 2022
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Read the following abstract and data figure from a research paper.
1. What hypothesis are the researchers testing with these data?
2. Describe the results presented in the figure—what do you conclude from interpreting these data?
Do you think the researchers’ hypothesis was correct?
3. Explain how anthropogenic climate change will have (or has had) direct negative effects on you
personally, and describe the ultimate causes of anthropogenic climate change.
4. Describe specific actions you can take (or have taken) to lessen your contribution to anthropogenic
Your paper must be 500-700 words long, with no cover sheet.
Scientific names must be italicized or underlined. The genus should be capitalized, the species
should not be capitalized. ex: Thalassia testudinum.
There should be no spelling, grammatical, and typographical errors.
The paper will be graded according to the rubric shown below. Be sure to read the rubric carefully
so you know exactly what is expected of this assignment.
Papers must be submitted via upload to the Canvas course site by the due date indicated in the
Chen, et al. (2011) Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warming.
Science 333: 1024-1026. https://www.science.org/doi/full/10.1126/science.1206432
The distributions of many terrestrial organisms are currently shifting in latitude or elevation in
response to changing climate. Using a meta-analysis, we estimated that the distributions of species
have recently shifted to higher elevations at a median rate of 11.0 meters per decade, and to higher
latitudes at a median rate of 16.9 kilometers per decade. These rates are approximately two and
three times faster than previously reported. The distances moved by species are greatest in studies
showing the highest levels of warming, with average latitudinal shifts being generally sufficient to
track temperature changes. However, individual species vary greatly in their rates of change,
suggesting that the range shift of each species depends on multiple internal species traits and
external drivers of change. Rapid average shifts derive from a wide diversity of responses by
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